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Caffe Coffea Arabica Coffee

ARABICA COFFEE
Tall plant which can reach several metres in height and produce ample dark green foliage. At full maturity, the small fruits will change from green to red. The pods usually contain 2 coffee beans which are then toasted to produce the coffee.

 

Coffea Arabica is mostly known under the common name Arabian coffee, Brazilian coffee, or Kofi coffee and belongs to the Rubiaceae family, and originated in Ethiopia. Coffea Arabica is easy to grow indoors, makes a very attractive houseplant and if it likes you well enough, it will even rewards you with flowers and berries! It is a terrific conversation piece! Arabica represents approximately 90 percent of the world's coffee production. The Arabica plant is an evergreen, typically large upright bush, or a small tree that can reach a height up to 20 feet or 3-5 ft in container. On plantations, it is kept at a height of about 2-3 m (6 ft) to facilitate harvesting. After planting, the Arabica trees produce their first crop in three years, and will be bearing fully at 7-8 years old. The Arabica plant can successfully produce fruits for about 40 years. Primary, non-renewable branches grow from the trunk at an average distance of 15 cm. The Arabica plants have taproots that are not very deep. The bright green oval leaves are opposite, shiny on top and glossy dark on the underside. The branches carry bouquets of 5-10 small white flowers, in axillaries clusters, opening simultaneously during spring and summer. The white flowers have 5 petals with an odoriferous fragrance that spreads over the plantations. After 7-9 months, the flowers give way to the oval-elliptic coffee cherries, yellow to crimson when ripe and black up on drying, with two beans side-by-side. Each tree can produce 8-10 pounds of coffee a year, depending on climate conditions and other factors. Hardiness Zones : 9-11 (-5c/25f, 4c/40f). The Arabica prefers partial shade, and likes a moist rich soil. The plant needs protection from frost. Give the roots room to grow. They tolerate a wide range of pH. but optimal pH has been suggested as 4.5-7.0. The type of soil is not too important but good drainage is a must. This plant likes high humidity, so if in dry conditions, give it an occasional misting. When it is grown indoor, place it close to a bright window.

 

Coffee is the most consumed beverage in the world, and you can now grow your own! Strictly an indoor/outdoor house plant unless you live in zones 11, 12, or 13. Plants will grow in a low bush 3-5 feet tall and will not require any pruning. Plants make make an excellent house plant and will grow well in moderate light (3-4 hours of full sun) and can tolerate full sun just fine. They also thrive in a container. A fast grower once established. Plants will yield fruit after 3-4 years, plants will flower in April-July and fill the house with hints of jasmine, vanilla, citrus, and sweet sugary notes. Fruit will begin green and turn deep red when ripe. Fruit can then be harvested and remove the seed from the center of each berry (a cherry pitter works great for this) and the seed can be washed and set out to dry for 5-7 days before being roasted. Nothing is more satisfying than growing your own coffee

 

Coffee is grown widely in South America and Africa and a warm conservatory is best for successful cultivation of this beautiful plant.

Weight (grams): 
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$5.50
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